Question #1: What is a "Class File", and how should I use it?
A Class Seating Chart is referred to as a "Class File" for short. Its creation can be made ahead of time or on-line at the beginning of class. You are given the options of selecting: "Open Class File" (which retrieves previously recorded class seating data) or, choosing: "No Class File" for not using a "Class Seating Chart". There are 2 ways of creating a Class File during class:
1) Create Class Sequential- This allows you to create a class chart by asking the students to register in a sequence controlled by the instructor. Starting with "seat =101 (row 1 - column 01)", ask the student sitting there to register by pressing any single numeric key on their PRS Transmitter. The "cursor" will then move to the next seat for the next student to register and so forth. After this is over click on "end" and then enter the Class Filename to save the "Class Seating Chart" for the next session.
2) Create Class Random- This creates a "Class Seating Chart" by asking the students to register on a first-come-first-served basis. Each student is asked to enter their "seat number" one digit at a time within 10 seconds. This option allows students to register immediately when seated without having to wait for the others to arrive. Click on "end" on the "dialogue box" to end the registration process
Question #2: How can I use the PRS to take attendance?
There are many ways in which we could use the PRS to take attendance:
1) One way of taking attendance with the PRS is having teachers create a "Class File" and a "Name File" for each specific class that they are teaching. Before she/he starts to teach anything, she/he should open up those files and send out the question "Are you here?". The student would answer that question and then save that session file. Doing this, the teacher can go back after class or whenever to open up that session file and see which students answered the question. We assume that whoever participates means that they did attended class.
2) The second way of taking attendance is creating a "Name File" with the students ID number and names. Then we open class either Randomly or Sequentially. The students then enter their ID number or their seat number as instructed. That information becomes saved on a "Session File". The teacher can then go back and look at that "Session File" later on to see who was present or not.
3) You can also take attendance in the "No Class File" mode. Doing this way, the student have to use the same transmitter that were assigned for them everyday in order for the teacher to keep up with who is in class or not. Basically it's the same as step 2 except it's done "No Class File" mode.
Question #3: How do I setup sharing?
The PRS gives you the option of one or two users. With one user, the Class File descriptor should be indicated with an (A). For sharing a transmitter, the descriptor for the number of seats per transmitter will have (A/B). The students with descriptor (A) would use 1-5 and the students with descriptor (B) would use 6-0 (6 is being 1 and 0 means 5). So whenever we wanted to use sharing then we should use the Classfile that corresponded to sharing.
Question #4: Can I get my students to share a transmitter some days and not on others?
Yes. Whenever you want to share a
transmitter, you should use the
"Classfile" that is associated with sharing. And whenever you decide that students shouldn't be sharing then use the other "Classfile" that is associated without sharing.
Question #5: Is there a limit to how many times a student can answer?
The students are allowed to answer from 1-99 times. To set these limits, go to chances in the menu strip and click on the choices. Remember that only the last answer is recorded.
Question #6: How does a student answer a with confidence level?
The students can answer with "Confidence
Level" by pressing the "H" or "L"
followed by a numeral on their transmitter. Using the key "H" and numeral
means very confident and the key "L" and numeral means not confident or
Question #7: What are the differences between Sequential and Random Class?
A sequential class ask students to
register in a sequence controlled by the
instructor. Starting with "seat = 101 (row 1 - column 01)", ask the student sitting there to register by pressing any single 'numeric key'. The "cursor" then moves to the adjacent "seat = 102" and the student there can be asked to register and so on and so forth.
Creating a class randomly is done
by asking the students to register on a
first-come-first-served basis. This is done by asking each student to transmit their "seat number" one digit at a time within 10 seconds. A
'ticker-tape' display above the top menu bar acknowledges the reception of
each digit by showing the Student ID and the number string that has been
received up to that moment.
Question #8: How do I give students credit for answering even if their answer is wrong?
In the "Mark" program, you
have the option of giving credit for wrong answers. To do this,
go to the "Mark" program, and at the top of the
screen select the "Wrong" button and adjust the points. You can also do
the same thing for the right answer by clicking on the "Correct" button.
Question #9: How do I give students credit for partially correct answers?
Unfortunately, on the PRS version 2.35, that option is unavailable. The teacher is allowed to give only one correct answer for each question. The maximum number of points for a correct answer is 10. And the teacher has the option of giving as high as 2 points or as low as -3 points for a wrong answer.
Question #10: How do I setup anonymous mode?
There are two modes of operations for the PRS:
1) In the "Known" mode,
all ID tagged responses are recorded on a data file
in the sequence received.
2) In the "Anonymous" mode,
only the statistical results are filed and no
record is kept on the individual response.
To setup the "Anonymous"
mode, simply click on "Audience" at the top of the
toolstrip and select "Anonymous".
Question #11: What are other ways that I could use PRS?
There are many other applications of PRS. For example:
1) Training classes in language and
other technical skills-use PRS to
ensure that a lesson is understood before proceeding to the next one and
for monitoring the learning progress of trainees.
2) In a convention or meeting to elect officers or vote on resolution-use PRS to record votes and tabulating the results immediately.
3) In marketing-use PRS to obtain on-the-spot reactions of your audience to your product demonstration.
4) In a contest to be judged by the audience-use PRS to facilitate the scoring by the audience and to tabulate the results immediately.
Question #12: I can't find my PRS files in the PRS folder that I made. Where are they?
When the PRS software is loaded on to a computer a folder called 'Prs' is created automatically and placed on your hard drive. This is where the PRS will store all of its retrievable data. If you rename the folder something other than 'Prs' the program will make another 'Prs' folder and store your information there. To fix the problem you must locate the 'Prs' folder the computer created and get your information from there. Then you can change the name of the PRS folder you made back to 'Prs'. Throw away the 'Prs' folder the computer created the second time, and from now on your information will be saved into the 'Prs' folder you re-named.
Question #13: I have my mouse connected to the COM1 port on my computer, and the only other ports are 25 pin. How should I connect the PRS?
If the COM1 port on your computer is occupied by another serial device, and there is no COM2 9-pin to connect to, then you should connect the PRS to the 25-pin serial port via an adaptor. Generally if you have multiple 25-pin ports on your computer, the male is the serial port, and the female is the parallel port. So you would need a female 25 to male 9-pin adaptor.
Question #14: When I look under Edit/COM I find that I have more COM ports selected than the PRS uses. What should I do?
This usually means there is an IRQ conflict which can cause the PRS to operate improperly. What you need to do is disable any unused COM ports in the Device Manager control panel from the Windows menu.
To do this, go to the 'Start' menu, and under 'Settings' choose the 'Control Panel' dialog box. Now click on the 'System' icon and choose 'Device Manager'. If you scroll through the list you will see 'COM Port'. Select the COM port and choose 'Properties', then disable the COM ports not being used by the PRS or any other peripheral devices by clicking on 'Disable in this Hardware profile' found at the bottom of the dialog box. Now re-start your computer.